Posture Disorders in Children and Causes


Posture is defined as placing the body in the most appropriate position relative to the whole segment and the whole body. Posture is the most decent posture with minimal effort with posture provides maximum sufficiency in the body.

Posture, static and dynamic are divided into two groups static posture is the inactive posture. Dynamic posture is an active posture that tries to adapt to the movement and continuously changing environmental conditions.

When children start school, inactive life, long sitting times, increased computer use and incorrect bag handling habits, certain posture or kyphosis, scoliosis, scapula like spine disorders cause.

The most common postural disorder problems since childhood are nod, rounding of the shoulder to the front, problems with the position of the shoulder blade, roundness on the back and waist trough and excessive scoliosis. In the most of these positions the back is tilted forward. A child’s bad posture is not just a bad image. It is a factor that will negatively affect both current and future health. Various studies show that 38% of children have posture disorder (wrong body posture), while the frequency of low back pain in school-age children varies between 8% and 74%.The most common symptoms of posture disorders;

  • Backache, back pain and neck pain,
  • Shoulder and arm pains,
  • Muscle fatigue, weakness,
  • Leg pain, knee and ankle pains,
  • Strain and shortening of muscles and connective tissues,
  • Nerve entrapment.

There are many causes of posture disorder;

1-Physical inactivity is one of the factors that threaten posture.

One of the biggest problems that threaten health since childhood is a sedentary lifestyle. The reduction of the number of children who playing in the streets and being a new generation who prefers to play technology oriented games; it’s all of them negatively affects the development of muscles. Postural disorder is more common in children with abdominal and back muscles weak.

In the event of such a situation, children should be directed to sporting activities such as swimming, running, basketball, dance and skating. Sports will strengthen the child’s muscles and will increase self confidence.

2-With the increase of the new generation technology addiction, the wrong sitting posture is developing in children.

Posture disorder in children is currently the most technology on depends. The risk of postural disorders in children increased in directly proportional to the time spent on computers, tablets and phones.

3-The heavy backpacks carried by the children cause posture disorder.

Carrying a heavy backpack from a very young age can lead to posture disorder in children. As precaution, the weight of the children’s backpacks must be between 5 and 20 percent of their body weight. Backpacks should not be carried long.

4-Being overweight disrupts the posture.

In children, due to the obesity problem that generated with malnutrition at a young age, postural disorder is observed. The excess weight will increase the foot load and foot pressure problems will occur. Foot press problems will develop abnormal posture strategies to maintain the body’s own balance.

5-Emotional changes in puberty can affect posture.

Many children in puberty and puberty cannot adapt to the rapid growth of their body. Especially in girls may be seen front posture of the shoulders and head because of the fast growing breasts. In boys, walking disturbance may be seen because they cannot adapt to hand foot growth.6- Exercise is the most effective treatment method used to eliminate posture problems.

The annual routine checks ensure you to control the healthy development of your child. Exercises appropriate to the child’s structure and character will eliminate the problem of posture disorder and will make your child more calm and happy.

‘As the twig is bent, so grows the tree’

If your child is talking about pains, ask your physiotherapist to do poster analysis if you observe any asymmetry when you examine your child. The annual routine checks ensure the healthy development of your child. Remember! ‘As the twig is bent, so grows the tree’. Let our children protect the health of the spine without any bigger problems in their later years.